Part of the citation will include 1) a detailed description of the nature of the violation, 2) possible ways the government agency can correct the violation, 3) possible dates the company may be required to meet with OSHA about the violation. The notice of violation must be posted at or near the physical location where the violation took place so it can alert other employees and hopefully prevent further danger. The process from this point may differ slightly depending on the type of violation, but overall the flow is the same. The 4 types of violations are: 1) willful, 2) serious, 3) repeated, 4) other-than-serious.
The government agency needs to decide whether or not the OSHA recommended ways to correct the violation are feasible or not. If they are feasible and the time necessary to carry out the associated tasks are within an acceptable time frame, then the company would communicate back to OSHA that they are proceeding as such. If recommendations are not feasible for whatever reason (such as financial) or the acceptable time frame is too short, then the government agency can submit a petition for modification of abatement (PMA). In this petition the government agency would list another solution or solutions to correct the violation and the corresponding timeframe(s). After an agreed-upon solution and timeframe is chosen, then all that is left is for the government agency to carry out the solution so that the issue that caused the violation is mitigated. Lastly, government agencies cannot retaliate against employees injured by a workplace accident or against whistleblowers whose tips lead to an OSHA citation.